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Ransomware is a file that, when opened, triggers a cyber attack. The cyber attack works by targeting a user’s personal files and data and locks them up until a ransom is paid. It does this using encryption. In theory, once the user pays the attacker the ransom the attacker will provide the user with the encryption key needed to unlock their files.

Very often a user can pay the ransom only for the attacker to not provide the encryption key needed. It is therefore good practice to have a backup of your data saved remotely in the cloud.

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